The History of the Family of
In the Counties of Suffolk and Norfolk
From the Conquest
By Arthur Campling, London, 1937
CHAPTER V, part a
(this chapter divided into two parts)
Drury of Hawstead, co. Suffolk
This, the second House of DRURY, was founded by NICHOLAS, brother of Sir Roger Drury of ROUGHAM. He was born about the year 1365, and there remains a tradition that he was in the retinue of John of Gaunt on his expedition against Castile in 1386-7. The Patent Rolls show that he had a pardon 19 October 1427 for acquiring land in Sapiston, co. Suffolk without license, and was present at Bradfield Hall 21 April 1430 when the Prior of Buckenham did homage to the Abbot of St. Edmunds for lands in Old Buckenham, co. Norfolk. He was party to an indenture dated at Ipswich 19 September 1435 confirming the election of his son Henry Drury as one of the Knights of the Shire for co, Suffolk, and 26 January following was a feoffee of the manor of Ashfield with Humphrey, Earl of Stafford, and others.
Nicholas Drury made his will as of Bury St. Edmunds esquire 4 January 1454/5:
Nicholas Drury married Joan, daughter of Thomas Hethe of Mildenhall, co. Suffolk, esquire. She was party to a fine 1431 with her husband on a conveyance of land in Thurston and Bacton. They had issue, Henry, of Ickworth, Roger of Hawstead and one daughter Elizabeth married to a monk.
HENRY DRURY, the eldest son, was of ICKWORTH, and died in his fathers lifetime. He appears as a feoffee in Suffolk of Humphrey, Earl of Strafford, 12 September 1426, and with his father was pardoned 19 October 1427 for acquiring the land in Sapiston. On 26 March 1430 he did homage to the Lord Abbot of St. Edmunds at Bradfield Hall for the said lands, and 8 July 1433 he was returned to Parliament as one of the Knights of the Shire for co. Suffolk, Roger Drury and Thomas Hethe being his mainpernors. He was again returned 19 September 1435, and was dead before 15 October 1442 when William, Abbot of Bury St. Edmunds, grants to Anne, Countess of Buckingham, Hereford, Stafford and Northampton and Perche the wardship or custody of all the lands and tenements which belonged to Henry Drury, Esquire, late deceased, lying in the county of Suffolk, with the advowson of the church of Ickworth, all which were held of the Abbot by Knight service, and which have come into his hands by reason of the minority of Henry, son and heir of the deceased Henry, until the said Henry (or his heir) be of age, so long as there is any heir living, the issue of the said Henry, deceased, by Elizabeth his wife, the said Countess duly maintaining and repairing the property. Given at the Abbots manor of Redgrave 15 Oct. (21 Hen. VI) (1442).
The following notes are based on the Stafford papers. Henry Drury of Ickworth was evidently one of the household of Humphrey, who was then Earl of Stafford, and afterwards became Duke of Buckingham. The latter was an important leader of the Lancastrians, and afterwards tried to bring about a reconciliation between Lancaster and York, but was killed at Northampton in 1400. Between 1428 and 1430 Henry Drurys groom was paid with other grooms who were then keeping the horses of the whole household at Tonbridge. Next is a record in 1438-9 that Henry Drury and his wife Elizabeth Heton had the profits of Barningham manor in Norfolk for life by grant of the earl. It seems possible that Elizabeth was originally a tenant of the Stafford; but Henry was serving as steward of their lordship of Desning by Gazeley in Suffolk about 1442, when the clerk who drew up the list of salaries and pensions notes in the margin that he was dead. This list shows Elizabeth Drury alone as having an annuity of l 20. Plainly Henry was dead by Michaelmas Jul 15 when the earl had made provision for his widow of her annuity of l 20.
In that same year also he provided mourning for Joan Drury, the daughter, who seems to have been in the nursery under governance of the same mistress of the nursery as the little lords and ladies who were obviously the children of the earl. Joan received from the Duke in 1457 a marriage portion of l 20. Perhaps this dates her marriage to Thomas Hervey.
1429-30 Acct. of receiver of Humphrey, Earl of Stafford, in Kent and Surrey. Wages of the keepers of the horses of the lord and his household. In wages of a groom of Henry Drewery for 17 days at 1-1/2d.
Receiver general of Humphrey, Earl of Stafford, accounts, 1438-9, Norfolk. Bermyngham. He does not answer for an annuity of l 13 6s. 8d. which Henry Drury has for life, or l 6 13s. 4d. which Elizabeth, wife of the said Henry, has for life, from all the profits on the manor of Bermyngham (Barningham) as appears by letters patent indented of which one patent is in the lords treasury in London, and the other with the said Henry, because the said Henry and Elizabeth still survive.
1443 A list of salaries, wages, pensions, etc. Henry Drury, steward of the lordship of Desnynge, for Easter term 5 marks. (In margin he is dead.)
Foreign payments and expenses (immediately after payments to the mistress of the nursery (magistra nursarie) for shoes and other necessaries bought by her for the little lords and ladies there) and paid for a yard of black cloth for one tunica tabard for Joan Drury to be made thereof 3s. and paid to Katherine Shepster for two new chemises (cameseis) bought from her for the said Joan, 2s 6d.
1456-7 Payments by warrant. Paid to Joan Drury as granted to her by the lord for her marriage (ad maritagium suum) payable in the year 1457, by the lords warrant dated 21 May 34 Henry VI (1456) directed to the Receiver, together with one acquittance of the said Joan as to payment of the said sum - l 20.
The widow made her will as follows:
Elizabeth Drury was daughter of George Eaton (or Heton), probably the George Heton who had a grant by Letters Patent 17 March 1451-2 of the receivership of all manors, lands, etc. of John, late Duke of Bedford, in the earldom of Richmond in the counties of Lincoln, Norfolk and Cambridge.
In "Suffolk Archaelology" (Vol. I, p. 220), Mr. Tymms
"called attention to the fragment of a purse-stretcher of the 15th century, recently found at Denston, and presented to the Institute by Reverend W. L. Suttaby. The shield-shaped centre, he remarked, bears on one side a fret, the arms of Bokenham, and on the other the tau cross so well known as the honourable charge of the Drurys of Hawstead. As no alliance of the two families is known to have been formed, this union of the arms of Bokenham and Drury is suggestive of a less honourable origin of the introduction of the tau into the coat of the Drurys than that assigned to it in the History of Hawsted. The Bokenhams, by marriage into the Talmache family, became lords of the manor of Talmages, in Hawsted, which passed from them 26 Henry VI to John Marschall, Esq. whose feoffee conveyed the manor, under the designation of Bokenhams otherwise Talmages, in 3 Edw. IV to Roger Drury, Esq., son of Nicholas Drury, Esq. of Bury and Thurston. This Nicholas, says Sir John Cullum, accompanied the expedition of John of Gaunt into Spain in 1386, and from that crusade assumed the tau as an augmentation to his family arms, but the family pedigree compiled in 1602 by Thomas Drury, Gent., of the Inner Temple, states that he as buried in Thurston church, where the portraitures and arms of the Drurys were then remaining without the tau; and a doubt is cast by Mr. Gage Rokewode on his having been in the expedition, as he must have been a youth at the time. From the small fragment before them it is probable that the tau descended from the Talmaches-Taumaches to the Bokenhams; and that upon the purchase of the manor of Talmages, Roger Drury appropriated to himself the manorial badge.
A finger ring of very impure gold with the device of a hind statant and the initials I.D. with a cross tau on each bevel was found in 1932 at Collingford in the parish of Thwaite, co. Suffolk. Collingford, now arable land, was formerly the scene of many battles, and the presumption is that the owner of the ring was drowned in a skirmish at the ford. The ring which is probably of the 14th century is now in the possession of F. S. E. Drury.
Joan Drury, the only daughter and sole heir of Henry Drury, married first Thomas Hervey, to whom she brought the manor of Ickworth, ancestor of the present Marquess of Bristol; and secondly Sir William Carew, with whom she lies buried under the sumptuous monument in the church of St. Marys Bury. She left issue by both husbands.
ROGER DRURY of HAWSTEAD, esquire, succeeded his father Nicholas in 1456. He had been a mainpernor of his brother Henry on the latters election as Knight of the shire for Suffolk 8 July 1433, and later was a defendant in a Chancery suit in regard to a complaint by George Boyton at Bury St. Edmunds. 8 September 1471 he was named a supervisor in the will of William Drury of Bury, chaplain, son of William and brother of Clement and John Drury, whose relationship to Roger is not clear. Clement Drury made his will 16th August 1475, then a burgess of St. Marys Bury, devising his land in Hessett to his son Edmund. A deed of Roger Drury dated 1481 is recited by Thomas Drury, compiler of the Jacobean pedigree.
About the year 1465 Katherine, daughter of Roger Drury, was married to Sir Henry le Strange of Hunstanton, co. Norfolk, knight, and the settlement then made was recited at the inquisition held 8 April 1485 showing that Robert Chapman, clerk, and John Nune enfeoffed Katherine, daughter of Roger Drury of Hawstead, co. Suffolk, esquire. John Clopton Thomas Drury and John Drury, son of the said Roger Drury of the manors of Felsham, Brokehall, Georges, Haydenhall and Bemans in Pakenham with tenements called Verdons and Astones and the manor of Thorpe held of the Duchy of Lancaster for the life of the said Katherine with remainder to the said Henry le Strange, who by his will gave them to the heirs of his grandfather John le Strange with remainder to John and Robert Drury, esquires, sons of the said Roger with cross remainder of their respective shares with remainder to William Drury their brother.
Roger Drury was on the Commission of the Peace for Suffolk 1485-9; and about that time was a feoffee of the manor of Badingham, which Alice, duchess of Suffolk and John, duke of Suffolk, her son, had in remainder.
Roger Drury married 1. Felice, daughter and heir of William Denston of Besthorpe, co. Norfolk, by whom he had issue Sir Robert, who succeeded him at Hawstead, William, 2nd son, who founded the family of Drury of Besthorpe, John and Roger, died without issue, and two daughters, Katherine wife of 1. Sir Henry le Strange of Hunstanton, knight, and 2. Sir Robert Ratcliff of Attleburgh, co. Norfolk, knight, and died 1496; and Felice, married James Andrews of Baylham, co. Suffolk.
Roger died 31 January 1493/4. His will was dated 20 January 1493/4. By his testament dated at Hawsted he bequeathed his body to be buried in such place as God should assign at the time of his death, willing that if it pleased the Abbot and Convent of Bury to keep a dirige for him in the choir, and mass of requiem on the next day at the high altar, because it had pleased them to make him a brother of their chapter, the Abbot should have 20 shillings, the Prior 6s. 8d., the sexton 3s. 4d., the celerar 3s. 4d., the chanter 3s. 4d. and every other monk priest 20d. and such as were not priests 12d. apiece. And the testator bequeathed to Anne Basset, daughter of John Basset and Elizabeth his wife 40s. to her marriage; to Thomas Coote, parson of Hawsted, for his tithes not full content in times past, 20s.; to the high altar of each of the Churches of Hartest, Somerton and Whepsted, 6s. 8d.; to the reparation of the Church of Onehouse, where he was patron 40s.; to each of the two houses of Friars of Thetford, for a dirge and mass, 12s. 4d.; to the nuns of the same town 20s.; to the Friars of Sudbury 12s. 4d.; to the Friars of Clare 12s. 4d.; and to the White Friars of Cambridge 2s. 4d. And after other pecuniary legacies to persons therein named, and among others, to Elizabeth Drury his servant and kinswoman 10 marks, which his son Robert had in his keeping, the testator desired that an annuity of 10s. payable by George Nunne for a term on 37 years should be spent by his executors yearly in red herrings, in Lent, among the inhabitants of Whepsted, some more and some less as poverty required, and to be bought as therein mentioned. And the testator willed that Anne his wife should have all such stuff of household utensils plate and jewels, with the books that were hers before marriage; and of his plate a gilt piece, with a base foot, weighing 23oz.; a standing piece, white and gilt, weighing 27oz.; his old silver bason with the Drury arms departed, weighing 27oz. Also his gilt ewer weighing 18oz. And he willed that she should have his chased piece with his arms in the bottom, weighing 12oz. because she has two pieces of the same suit; also his plain flat piece with a gilt knob, weighing 16oz.; also his powder box, weighing 7oz; and his primer clothed with purple damask, and his book clothed with red leather in which book was the Mass of Jhu also his white counterpane which had his arms, his green coverlit wrought with white cotton, his pair of fustians, and my payre of staymyns (blankets made of wool), the whole chamber (furniture) that he lay in, his two beds in the maidens chamber whole, with the change of sheets belonging to all the said chambers. And of his other sheets and napery such part as she thought necessary. And the testator willed that Robert his son should have his books of Latin lying in his chapel or belonging thereto, and his two vestments, one of cloth of gold, the other black velvet, with all the altar cloths, fronteleys and hangings concerning the said chapel; his gilt chalice, weighing 20oz.; his two standing candlesticks of 23oz.; his two cruets, gilt and white, 20oz.; and his silver bason with his whole arms, and the white ewer thereto, weighing 3lb. 11oz. Also his chaffing chaffer of silver, weighing 27oz., and the 13 spoons which were daily in the buttery, "with the square peynts" weighing 13oz. and three quarters; and his great counterpane with the Bourchier arms, and his pair of stamyns; and that Anne the wife of his said son Robert should have the choice of his two masers, and that Margaret the wife of the testators son William should have the other maser; the one maser with the cover silver gilt weighed 16oz. And the other with the peynted cover and the gilt knob weighed 16oz., and that Anne the daughter of the said Robert should have his primer clothed in bawdekyn. And that William his son should have his two English books Bochas (Boccacio) of Lydgates making; also one of his feather beds, with a traversin of the same suit lying in the chapel chamber; and that Anne the testators wife should have of his coffers and chests such as she might think necessary. The residew of his stuff of household in the keeping of the said Robert and Anne his wife, his said son Robert to have; and his son William to have all such shepe as the testator had at geyst at the time of his death. And the testator willed that 100 marks which his son Robert had in keeping, in money and in plate, should go to the founding of a scholar of Divinity in Cambridge for ten yeres, giving him 10 marks yearley if he preached once in the year during the 10 years at Bury and once at Hawsted; and if he would not preach, then the testator willed that he should have but 8 marks by the year. Also that Katharine, Jane, and Anne, the daughters of his sone William, should have 150 marks which is in the keeping of the said William, to their marriage, that is to say, each of them 50 marks; and if any of the sisters should die, her 50 marks to be departed between the two sisters; and if any of them intended to be a woman of religion, then he willed that she should have 10 marks on the day of her profession, the residue to be departed between the other two sisters; and if two of them should die or marry, the survivor to have 100 marks of the said 150 and the 50 marks residue to be disposed of at the discretion of his said son William, his son Robert, and Katharine his daughter; and if they all died, the said 150 to be disposed among his other children, and the money to be in the keeping of William, and if he died, of Robert, as therein mentioned." And the testator made his sones Robert and William executors of his will.
SIR ROBERT DRURY, knight, succeeded at HAWSTEAD, and with him began for the family a long connection with the Courts of the Tudor Sovereigns, and a succession of capable and eminent men whose careers are part of the history of the country throughout the sixteenth century. An early reference to him is an indenture 15 December 1490 by which Robert Geddyng, son and heir of John Geddyng, agreed with Robert Drury, esquire, for the erection of houses at Lackford, co. Suffolk, Roger and William Drury being co-feoffees. He was named in many commissions in the country of Suffolk from 1486 onwards.
He was elected Speaker of the House of Commons 4 October 1495.
"Item, on Saturday, the fourth day of Parliament, they of the House of Commons, appearing before the Lord King in full Parliament, presented to the Lord King Robert Drury their Speaker, with whom the King contented himself well. Which same Robert, after making his excuse before the said Lord King, seeing that the same his excuse could not be admitted on the part of the same King, humbly prayed the same Lord King, that inasmuch as all and singular (things) (were) to be preferred and declared by him in the said Parliament in the name of the said Commonality, he might proffer and declare (them) under such protest that if he should have declared any of the matters laid upon him by his said fellow commoners; and that his said Protest should be put upon record in the Roll of the Parliament aforesaid.
"To whom answer was made by the Lord Chancellor at the command of the Lord King, that the said Robert should have and enjoy such protest, as other Speakers, in the time of the noble forefathers of the same King of England, were accustomed to use and enjoy in such Parliaments."
Sir Robert Drury made an exchange 16 November 1504 with Sir William Clopton, receiving land in Hawstead for his manors at Hensted and Blomstons of Beaustones in Suffolk and paying in addition 1000 marks, 200 to be paid down, and the balance to be paid by instalments between the hours of nine and ten in the forenoon, at the rood altar in the church of the monastery at St. Edmunds Bury.
Sir Robert procured from Pope Alexander VI a licence for the Chapel in his house at Hawstead. The licence is dated 7 July 1501 in the tenth year of his pontificate; and the original is now in the Museum at Bury.
Sir Robert Drury, the Kings Councillor, had licence 8 March 1509/10 to impark 2,000 acres of land, and 500 acres of wood, in the parishes of Hausted, Whepsted, Hornengserth, Great Nowton, Onhows, Buxhale, Harleston, Shelond, Rede, Chedbergh, Chevington, Hartest, Somerton and Brokeley, Suff. and make a chace (saltus) there, with free warren and fishery there and in Sorf., Suffolk and Bucks; also licence to enclose with walls and towers and crenelate his manors of Hausted Hall, Buknahams, and Onhowshalle, Suff.
He was present at the funeral of the young Prince Henry in 1511.
"The enterment of Prince Henry son of King Henry the viith. Lengths and prices of black cloth received from merchants (named) to a total cost of 3791l. 14d. Payments for making gowns, banners, hearse, etc. including 501l. to the abbot of Westminster for twelve palls and a canopy, to John Brown, Ric. Rowndangre, John Whytyng, John Wanlasse and John Hethe, painters for banners, etc. 974 lbs. of wax for the hearse at Westminter and 4,327 lbs. in torches. Expenditure at Richemounte, 25 and 26 Feb. 2 Hen. VIII (1510/11) in divers offices of the Household, about the funeral, and at Westminster on Thursday 27 Feb. Liveries of cloth (specifying the number of yards in each case), viz: Covering of three barges 186 yards."
Mourners, given in detail, including Knights to bear the canopy Sir Rob. Drury, Sir Rob. Southwell, Sir John Arundell, Sir John Raynford.
Sir Robert Drury was an executor of the will of John de Vere, Earl of Oxford, who died 1512-13. The latter bequeathed to him an annuity of l 6 13s. 4d. and the Ellesmere Chaucer, of which Lord Oxfords family appears to have been the first owner. On the fly-leaf thereof are signatures of "Robertus Drury, miles", "Willelmus Drury, miles."
Between June 1510 and February 1512-13 inclusive he was engaged with various colleagues in the attempt to pacify the Scottish border by peaceful methods and to obtain redress for wrongs committed.
He witnessed the marriage of the Princess Mary on 9 October 1514, was appointed knight of the body in 1516, was one of a commission appointed to examine suspects arrested in the district of St. Martins-in-the-Fields in July 1519, was present at the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520, and on 10 July of the same year was in attendance at Gravesend.
In 1522 he was in attendance on the King at Canterbury, in 1523 and 1524 he was chief commissioner for the collection of the subsidy in Suffolk and town of Ipswich, and in 1524 he was a Commissioner for the collection of the loan for the French war. Lord Willoughby, the abbot of Bury, Sir Robt. Drury, Sir Will. Waldegrave and others were made commissioners to squeeze out money for the war of 1522 by a forced loan. The patience of the county cracked and at the next demand in 1525, an open outburst took place against the Duke of Suffolk and Sir Robt. Drury. 4000 men assembled, but bloodshed was averted, though the danger was great as the whole of the Eastern counties were ready to rise. Though suppressed, the people were not quieted. Sir Robt. Drury got hold of certain rioters in March 1528, who desired to go up to the king and beseech a remedy for the living of poor men. The parliament of 1530 granted a general pardon to the rioters but at the same time released the king from repayment of loans.
In 1526 he was one of the legal or judicial committee of the Privy Council, ranking in point of precedence next after Sir Thomas More. In 1530 he was one of the commissioners of gaol delivery for Ipswich, was appointed commissioner of Sewers for Suffolk in December 1534, and died 2 March 1535-6. He was buried in St. Marys Church, Bury St. Edmunds, under a stone monument, the wooden palisade of the tomb bearing the inscription "such as ye be, some time were we, such as we are, such shall ye be. Miserere nostri."
Sir Robert Drury had issue by his first wife, Ann, daughter of William Calthorpe of Burnham Thorpe, co. Norfolk, knight, beside Sir William, of Hawstead, who succeeded him and Sir Robert of Hedgerley, co. Bucks, knight, four daughters, 1. Ann married first Sir George Waldegrave of Smallbridge, co. Suffolk, knight, secondly Sir Thomas Jermyn of Rushbroke, knight, 2. Elizabeth married Sr. Philip Boteler of co. Herts., knight, 3. Bridget married Sir John Jernegan of Costessy, co. Norfolk, knight, and Ursula married Sir Giles Alington of Horseheath, co. Cambs, knight. Sir Robert married 2. Ann daughter of Edward Jernegan of Somerleyton, co. Suffolk.
His will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury as follows:
at Feltwell Downham
Elveden Nedham Higham Wordwell Lyvermore my son
sheepe at Riddlesworth Euston &
my wifes estate in my
in Tuddenham and Aubrewyks
she hath in jointure
to have my tenement in Chevyngton
parson of Hausted for my tithes pay other 6s.
8d." Proved 8 Feb. 1535/6.
SIR WILLIAM DRURY of HAWSTEAD, knight, succeeded as son and heir of Sir Robert, the Speaker. He had licence 7 February 1516/7 for the delivery of the lands of his first wife Joan, daughter and heir of Sir William St. Maur. She died without issue and 16 August 1518 John Stowell and Edward Bampfield were found to be her heirs as her first cousins.
William Drury then re-married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Henry Sotehill of Stoke Faston, co. Leicester, who had livery of half her fathers lands, 11 February 1520/1.
He was a knight 25 June 1528 and was appointed a Muster Master by the Privy Council.
Among the 50 gentlemen who attended Cardinal Wolsey to Calais was William Drewry.
In 1539 at the reception of the Lady Anne of Cleves, as Grooms of the Privy Chamber were:
"Knightes Sir William Drury"
"Esquires Robert Drury."
The Tudor kings often made enquiries as to how many men owners of estates could put in the field, and in 1536 it was found that Sir Chas. Willoughby, Sir William Drury of Hawstead, and Sir Thos. Jermyn and Sir. Wil. Waldegrave and three others were appointed as commissioners for Suffolk to investigate the question of pensions for the dispossesed members of religious houses ejected in the previous reign.
Sir William was a member of the Privy Council of Queen Mary and by the grants which he obtained from Queen Mary, he appears to have been a favourite of that princess. He was one of the knights of the shire from 7 Edw. 6 to the time of his death.
In 1542 danger being apprehended from the Scots, The Duke of Norfolk was ordered to the border and took with him Sir William Drury, Sir William Waldegrave, Sir Thos. Jermyn and 2500 footmen. Two years after 1544, 3000 men mustered for service in France, and Sir Will. Drury took 30 men. On the 6th July 1553, on the death of Edward VI Princess Mary was in Norfolk at Kenninghall. She at once wrote to Sir Will. Drury Sir Will. Waldegrave, and Sir George Somerset requiring their presence at Kenninghall. In order to recruit her army all the gaols in the county were discharged and on 21st proclamation was made to all captains to bring their men to a muster under Sir Will. Drury and Sir Will. Waldegrave. The proposed marriage of the queen with Philip of Spain roused Protestant Suffolk. Thos. Pooley of Icklingham was the leader. Sir Will. Drury was ordered to search his house for incriminating papers and to take bail or send him to London.
Sir William Drury died 11 Jan. 1557/8. His will was as follows:
"Will of Sir William Drurye, knight (25 December 1557) to be buried within the Churche of Hawstead by my first wif ordeyne myn executor Elizabeth my wif and speciallye desire Sir Richard Riche, Knight Lorde Riche to be a supervisor and geve unto him a gilte cuppe with a blue flower in the topp
Also I geve to my said wif, thirtie payer of good sheets, six fetherbedds, two of them be in myn owne chamber; and I geve unto the same Elizabeth my wif, the sparvers and hangings of the same two beddes; and usually occupied and hanging over and aboute the same two beddes; and also the hangings aboute myn owne chamber, and the hangings in the maydens chamber, where Elizabeth Holt did lye. Also I geve unto my said wyf six pillowes of downe, one trussing cofer, and the cofer of walnott tree and one great shipp cofer, and six carpet cushinnes, the best she will chose; and one cushinn of silke wrought with the nedill; three cushines of sattin paned; one carpitt for a cupbord of those which were of her owne making.
And also I will that she shall have all her chaines and jewelles, with all her appareill belonging unto her, And also I will that my saide wif have the second vestiment with the albe, and all that belongeth to it for a preest to singe in. And I will that my saide wif shall have the reasonnable wearing and occupying of all other my beddes, sparvers, hangings for beddes, curtaines, plate, cofers chestes, sheetes table cloothes, and naprye, and hangings for chambers, and all other hangings whatsoever they be, or shall happen to be, at the tyme of my decease, until such tyme as my heire shall accomplish his full age of 21 years; and then to be left for the fu;rniture of my house at Hawstead, except such as shall herafter in this my present testament be otherwise devised; so as my dettis be paid and discharged, and other legacies in this my present testament fulfilled. Also I will that the said heire at his full age have my best vestiment, with the albe, and all that belongeth to it, and the best aulter clothe, and all the residew of the vestiments and aulter clothes, with the stuff in the chapell, except such as I have before bequethed to my said wif. And also I geve unto my said heire, at his full age, all the evidences of myn inheritances, which shall remayne, descend, and come to him, with the boxes whe-rin the same evidences, or any parcel of them, be. And I geve and bequeth to my said wif two brass potts, two spits, a kettill, and two posnets; and I bequeth to my said heire, at his full age, all the residew of my brass potts, with the residew of my spitts, with racks of yron to tourne spitts in, two kettills, and a panne, with a garnishe of my best vessill. (Garnish of vessill was a service of pewter or some other metal.) And I will that my said wif shall have one other garnishe of my best vessill next that; provided always, and I will that all suche stuffe of householde, plate, goods, and chattales as I have afore geven to my saide heire, to be delivered to him at his said full age. And I will, geve, bequeth, and assigne unto my said wif, the mannors of Hawstead Newton and Sidolsmere, which late were my fathers Sir Robert Drurye, knight, or any other to his use.
My daughter dame Marye Corbett to have in farme scite of the manor of Hawsted to Dorothy Drurye rent out of my manor of Whepstede and the manor of Bradfield late purchased of Lord Willoughby of Persham and rent out of the manor of Lawshull which our sovoraine ladie Queen Mary lately gave unto me to my wife lands called Ingeham with the Grange called Hencote.
. Whereas I have obtained and bought of the King and Queenes Majesties the wardeship and marriage of Robert Drurye Cousyn and heire of John Drurye late of Rougham in the countye of Suffolk esquire declared to the intent that marriage shoulde be had betwixt hym and Elizabeth my daughter to Henry Drurye Thomas Drurye and Robert Drurye sonnes of my said sonne Robert Drurye deceased the manor of Hawcombye co. Lincoln, the said Sir William hath set his seale of Arms the day and yere first above written." Proved 29 April 1558.
His children by Elizabeth Sotehill were ROBERT, elder son, who died one day before him, leaving issue, and Henry, younger son, of Lawshall. His daughters were 1. Ann wife of Sir Christopher Heydon of Baconsthorpe, co. Norfolk, knight, 2. Mary married 1. Richard Corbet, 2nd John Tyrell of Gipping, co. Suffolk, 3. Frances wife of James Hobart of Hales Hall in Loddon, co. Norfolk, 4. Bridget wife of Henry Yelverton of Rougham, co. Norfolk, 5. Dorothy wife of Robert Rokewood of Coldham Hall in Stanningfield, co. Suffolk, 6. Elizabeth wife of Sir Robert Drury of Rougham, co. Suffolk, knight (her fourth cousin twice removed). His widows will was dated 1 March 1572:
"I Dame Elizabeth Drury at Lawshull widowe late the wife of Sir William Drury knight deceased buried within the Churche of Halsted by the body of my said husband John Higham my cosen sonne and heire of Sir Clement Higham knight and Robert Rokewood my sonne in lawe esquires my executors my cosen John Pynchon esquires supervisor to my daughter Corbet my daughter Rokewood my daughter Drury the wife of my sonne in law Robert Drury my sonne Henry Drury Mary Susan Wynifred Bridget Dorothy Audry daughters of my sonne Robert Drury Henry Thomas and Robert sonnes of my sonne Robert Drury deceased William Drury Esquire his sonne and heire Robert and Elizabeth Drury children of my sonne in lawe Robert Drury esquire of Rougham my son Tyrell and his wife." Proved 7 November 1575.
Robert Rokewood of the Papist family long seated in Coldham Hall in Stanningfield married for his second wife Dorothy, daughter of Sir William Drury of Hawstead (died 1557). Sri William had inherited a large estate from his father, and was one of the Suffolk gentlemen who espoused the cause of Queen Mary, in fact when her brother died, she wrote straight from Kenninghall to summon him thither, and by the 11th July he had joined the Royal Standard. Being at that time one of the Knights of the Shire, he must have carried influence with him; at the same time his own personal character brought with it the most weight, and for this it was that Her Majesty
"called him to her councils, and held him in estimation."
For ten years after his decease, his widow enjoyed the Hawstead estate, out of the profits of which she had to pay his debts and fulfil the bequests in his will. It would therefore be about 1567 when Lady Drury took up her abode at Lawshall Hall, which property was to pass later on to Henry Drury, her second son.
Ambrose Rokewood, second son of Robert and Dorothy (Drury), suffered for his implication in Gunpowder Plot 1605. His signature is in a book now in the library of F. S. E. Drury having on the cover the intials W.D. presumable those of Sir William Drury his grandfather. The volume is "Loci Communes Rerum Theologicarum" printed at Antwerp 1552.
ROBERT DRURY, son and heir of Sir William and Elizabeth Sotehill, died one day before his father, as by the inquisition held 1558, by his wife Audrey, daughter of Richard lord Rich, Lord Chancellor of England, he had issue, beside Sir William, who succeeded at Hawstead, and Thomas, second son, Henry and Robert, died without issue, and eight daughters, 1. Ann wife of John Thornton of Soham, co. Cambs, 2. Mary wife of Robert Russell of West Rudham, co. Norfolk, 3. Elizabeth married first Thomas de Grey of Merton co. Norfolk and secondly Nicholas Mynne of Walsingham, co. Norfolk, 4. Susan wife of Robert Baspole, 5. Winifred wife of Edmund Marchant of Colchester, co. Essex, 6. Bridget wife of Richard Zouch of Pitton, co. Wilts, 7. Dorothy wife of Edward Barnes of Soham, co. Cambs.
Henry Drury, second son of Sir William and Elizabeth Sotehill, was of Lawshall, co. Suffolk. He was a recusant fugitive 1576. State Papers at the Public Record office contain the confession in 1584 of a priest (no name given):
"I have been most at Mr. Henry Drurys of Lozell, Suffolk, whose wife, during his imprisonment, was content, as long as I would stay there, to give me meat, drink and lodging, and that when at any time he did come home did never bid me depart, but rather friendly did use me, because I did for three years before teach his two sons, and had otherwise served him as faithfully as I could. And because I felt myself at my first coming unable to travel continually, partly by weakness of body, partly for want of skill, audacity and behaviour, determined with myself, if I could, to stay in some one place, though I take pains to teach children."
His will runs:
"Will of Henry Drury of Lawsell in the county of Suff. Esquyer (19 January 1586) buried in the church of Lawsell otherwise Lawshull in the highest parte of the Southe Isle as near the corner of the wall as may be myne onlly executor my sonne Henry Drury and Elizabeth my wife I make supervisor my manor of Lawshull to my sonne Henry Drury my manor of Great Whelnethiam Sydlesmare Walsons Carbonyes Cobdoes in Greate Whelnetham Little Whelnetham Burute Bradfield Hawstead, Nawton Cockfield or Staningfield to my sonne Henry (remainder) to heires male of the body of Sir William Drury Knights to my nephew Henry Rookewoode and my neice Dorothye Rookewoode" Proved 31 January 1586/7.
SIR WILLIAM DRURY OF HAWSTEAD, knight, whom Camden styles "Vis genere et omni elegantia splendidus", was the eldest son of Robert who died in his fathers lifetime. This Sir William married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Will. Stafford of Blatherwick in the county of Northampton, a lady of the bed chamber and privy chamber to Queen Elizabeth, whom they had the honour of entertaining at their manor of Hawstead during her Majesties progress in 1578. Churchyard, in "A discourse of the Queens Majesties entertainment in Suffolk and Norfolke" says:
"There were two hundred young gentlemen, clad all in white velvet, and three hundred of the graver sorte, apparelled in black velvet coates, and fair chaynes, all ready at one instant and place, with fifteen hundred serving men more, on horseback, well and bravely mounted, in good order, ready to receive the Queens Highness into Suffolk, which was surely a comely troope, and a noble sight to behold. And all these waited on Sir William Spring, the sheriff, during the Queens Majesties abode in those parties, and to the very confines of Suffolk; but before her Highness passed into Norfolke, there was in Suffolke such sumptuous feasting and bankets as seldom in any part of the world hath been seen before. The Maister of the Rolls, Sir William Cordell, was one of the firste that begaine this great feasting, and did light such a candle to the rest of the shire that many were glad bountifully and frankly to follow the same example, with such charges and costs, as the whole traine were in some sorte pleased therewith.
And neare Bury, Sir William Drury for his part, at his house made the Queens Highness a costly and delicat dinner; and Sir Robert Jermyn of Rooshbroke feated the French embassadoures two several tirtles; with which charges and courtesie they stood marvellously contented. The sheriffe, Sir William Spring, Sir Thomas Kytson, Sir Arthur Higham and divers others of worship, kept great houses and sundry, either at the Queens coming or return, solemly feasted her Highness, yeah, and defrayed the whole charges, for a day or twayne; presented gifts, made such triumphes and devices, as indede was most noble to beholde, and very thankfully accepted."
She rode in the morning from Sir Williams Cordells at Melford; and dined with one of the Drurys at Lawshall Hall, about five miles distant from Hawstead. This visit is thus recorded in the regiaser of that parish, under 1578.
"It is to be remembered that the queens highness, in her progresse, riding from Melford to Bury, 5th Aug. Regineque 20, annoque dni predicto, dined at Lawshall Hall, to the great rejoicing of the said parish, and the country thereabouts." In the evening she came to Hawstead, her apartment there, ever afterwards, as usual, retaining her name. Tradition reports that she dropped a silver-handled fan into the moat. It was at this time, perhaps, that the royal guest bestowed the honour of knighthood upon the master of the mansion. It was this Sir Will. Drury who probably greatly rebuilt Hawstead House, afterwards called Hawstead Place. Its situation was on an eminence, gently sloping towards the south. The whole formed a quadrangle, 202 by 211 feet within; an area formerly called the Base Court, afterwards the Court Yard. Three of the sides consisted of barns, stables, a mill-house, slaughter-house, blacksmiths-shop, and various other offices. The entrance was by a gate-house in the centre of the south side, over which were chambers for carters etc. This was afterwards laid open and fenced with palisades. The mansion house, which was also a quadrangle, formed the fourth side, standing higher than the other buildings and detached from them by a wide moat, faced on all its banks with bricks, and surrounded by a handsome terrace, a considerable part of which commanded a fine view of the surrounding country. The approach to the house was by a flight of steps, and a strong brick bridge of three arches, through a small jealous wicket formed in the great well-timbered gate that rarely grated on his hinges. Immediately upon your peeping through the wicket, the first object that unavoidably struck you was a stone figure of Hercules, as it was called, holding a club across his shoulders, the other resting on one hip, discharging a perennial stream of water into a carved bason. On the pedestal of the statue is preserved the date 1578, which was the year the queen graced this house with her presence; so doubtless this was one of the embellishments bestowed upon the place against the royal visit. This inner court, as it was called in which this statue stood, and about which the house was built, was an area of 58 feet square. The walls of the house within it were covered with the pyracanthus of venerable growth, which with its evergreen leaves, enlivened with clusters of scarlet berries, produced in winter a very agreeable effect. Having crept through the wicket above mentioned, a door in the gateway on the right conducted you into a small apartment called the smoaking room, a name it acquired probably soon after it was built; there is scarcely any old house without a room of this denomination. In these our ancestors from about the middle of the reign of Elizabeth, till within almost everyones memory, spent no inconsiderable part of their vacant hours, residing more at home than we do, and having fewer resources of elegant amusement. Adjoining to this was a large wood closet, and a passage that led to the dining room, of moderate dimensions, with a large buffet. These occupied half the south front. At the end of the dining room was originally a cloister, or arcade, about 45 feet long, fronting the east, and looking into a flower garden within the walls of the moat. The arches were afterwards closed up and glazed; and a parlour made at one end. This cloister was terminated by the spacious kitchen, still standing, and well supplied with long oaken tables. On the left hand of the entrance, and opposite the smoaking room, was the chapel, a room of state, much affected by the old manorial lords, who seem to have disdained attending the parochial church. The papal license for it has already been given. (The last sacred office performed in it was the christening of the author of this description of Hawstead, Rev. Sir John Cullum Bt.) Through this was a door into the drawing room, or largest parlour, which, with the chapel occupied the other half of the south front. Adjoining to the parlour was a large gloomy hall, at one end of which was a screen of brown wainscot, in which was a door that led to the buttery, etc. These formed the west side of the square. Beneath these apartments, and those on the south side were the cellars, well vaulted with brick. The north side was occupied by the kitchen and various offices; and at the back of it was a drawbridge. These were the apartments on the ground floor, which was raised 12 feet above the surface of the moat. Over the gateway, chapel, and largest parlour were the royal apartments, which were approached by a staircase out of the hall. On this staircase against the wall stood some painted boards, representing various domestic servants; one of them, a very pretty female, said to be for a housekeeper. Several bed chambers of common proportions occupied the chief part of the first story. Among the rooms on that floor was one called the still-room; an apartment where the ladies of old amused themselves in distilling waters and cordials, as well for the use of themselves and of their poor neighbours, as for several purposes of cookery. In this room stood a deaths head; no improper emblem of the effects of the operations carried on within it. Contiguous to one of the bedchambers was a wainscoted closet, about 7 feet square; the panels painted with various sentences emblems, and mottos. It was called the painted closet; at first probably designed for an oratory, and from one of the sentences, for the use of a lady. This closet was therefore fitted up for the last Lady Drury as the figures are of the style of James I and perhaps under her direction. As some of these emblems mark the taste of an age that delighted in quaint wit they are here set down. The following sentences are in carrouche scrolls, in narrow panels, at top:
Quod sis esse velis, nihilque malis.
Summam nec metuas diem; nec optes.
Quae cupio, haud capio.
Parva, sed apta mihi, pec tamen hic requies.
Nunquam minus sola, quam cum sola.
Amplior in coelo domus est.
A boar trampling on roses.
Odi profanum vulgus
A ship that has anchored on a whale, which is in motion. The crew alarmed
Nusquam tuta fides.
Two rams fighting, detached from the flock.
Nec habet victoria laudem
A hedge-hog rolled up, with apples on his prickles.
Mihi plaudo ipse domi
(The hedge-hog thus conveys to its young).
A philosopher looking at a star with a quadrant.
A garland of leaves lying on the ground, and in flames.
Quid ergo fefellit?
A full bucket drawn up to the top of a well.
Haud facile emergit. (Etc.)
The bottom panels are adorned with flowers in good taste.
The windows in general were spacious but high above the floors. On two porches between which stands the figure of Hercules, are still extant in stone the arms of Drury, consisting of 16 quarterings, and those of Stafford of Grafton, O.chev. G. with a canton ermine, and 5 other quarterings. This circumstance, corroborated with the general style of the building and the date on the pedestal of the statue induced me to believe that this house was rebuilt, or thoroughly repaired by that Sir William Drury who married a lady of the name of Stafford, who succeeded to the estate upon the death of his grandfather in 1557. The walls of the house were built of timber and plaster. The plaster in the front was thickly stuck with fragments of glass, which made a brilliant appearance when the sun shone, and even by moonlight. This house was no bad specimen of the skill of former artists in erecting what should last. The mode of its construction contributed to its durability; for the tiles projected considerably over the first story, and that over the ground floor so that the walls and the sills were scarcely ever wetted. In the year 1685 this house paid taxes for 34 fire-hearths. The banks of the moat were planted with yews and variegated hollies; and at a little distance surrounded by a terrace that commanded a fine woodland prospect. Here were orchards and gardens in abundance, and a bowling yard, as it was called, which always used to be esteemed a necessary appendage of a gentlemans seat.
"This place was well furnished with fish ponds. There is near it a series of five large ones, on the gentle declivity of a hill, running into one another; the upper one being fed with a perennial spring. There is another similar series of small ones that served as stews. These were necessary when fish was a considerable part of our diet and sea fish was not easily procured. There was also a rabbet-warren in the park. It was, like a pigeon house, a constant appendant to a manerial dwelling. One principal reason of the number of warrens formerly was the great use our ancestors made of fur in their clothing."
The stone with the arms and sixteen quarterings of Drury when Hawstead Place was taken down was placed in Hardwick House, and when that building was in turn demolished a few years ago, given to F. S. E. Drury.
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