Michael/John Stevenson married Margaret Pollock in Neilston Parish, Renfrewshire, in 1784. Pollock (or Pollok) is one of the oldest family names recorded in Scotland, derived from the ancient lands of Pollock in Renfrewshire, and going back to Fulbert of the 12th century. His son Petrus was the first to use Pollock as a surname when he inherited the lands from his father in 1163. The lands were later divided into Upper and Lower Pollock, with the Pollocks retaining Upper Pollock and chartering Lower Pollock to the Maxwell clan, a powerful clan from near the border with England. The two families formed a strong alliance and today, Pollocks continue to be recognized as a sept of Clan Maxwell.

The earliest generations of POLLOCKS are included in the online GEDCOM database.

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Lands from Pollock were donated by the clan to build the Paisley Monastery. John Pollock signed the charter for St. Andrews University in 1453, the oldest university in Scotland. Another John Pollock, 14th in descent from Fulbert, fought with Lord Maxwell on the side of Mary, Queen of Scots at the battle of Langside in 1568. The rapid defeat of Mary's forces at Langside, only a few miles from Pollock Castle, ended her reign in Scotland. For his role in the battle, John Pollock was forced to forfeit his share of the lands. (See "Sir Dru Drury and the Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots" for the story of another of the Webmaster's ancestors and his role in her execution.)

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Castle Pollock was constructed in the 1600's by Sir Robert Pollock, but was destroyed by fire in 1880. The final Castle Pollock, completed in 1889, was reported to have 88 bedrooms and 365 windows. Although reconstructed, it was demolished in 1954 and the lands were sold. For the first time in eight centuries, the lands of Upper Pollock were no longer Pollock lands.

Remaining today are two gatehouses, a stable, and the gardner's cottage, all occupied; the stone foundation and a few massive stones of the castle wall still remain. The Castle was requisitioned by the British Army for storage of ammunition for WWII. Miss Jane Dunlop Ferguson-Pollock continued to live in one wing of the Castle until 1942. She willed the Castle to her nephew, Robert Ferguson-Pollok, who sold the Castle, surrounding woodlands and fields for only 8,000 pounds (less than $14,000 at today's exchange rate). In early 1954 the Castle was destroyed. It stood in the area of present day Barrhead and Dodside Roads, along Dodside Road back towards Glasgow. Only the foundation of the ancient tower remains as a memorial to the oldest landed family of Mearns.

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Stewarton Road and M77 cut through the land once included in the Pollock estate. The Stable is now occupied by Sandra McBeth; the Gardener's Cottage is now known as the Kersland Cottage. The two Gatehouses are now identified as Pollok Lodge and West Lodge. Entering the property by the West Lodge, and passing the Stable and Gardener's Cottage, you can drive about halfway to the castle site, because of overgrowth. Part of a stone wall still exists along a section of the roadway. The Castle South front steps remain, as do the bases for the columns at the top of the steps. The Castle Foundation remains as does the outline of the courtyard.

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The obituary for Miss J. D. Ferguson-Pollok, last Pollock to live at the Castle, states "There have been Polloks of Pollok for 800 years. There are authentic records of the family as far back as the twelfth century, when Petrus de Pollok, "munificent donator to the Monastery of Paisley" in the reign of Malcolm III, occupied what was then known as "Upper Pollok". The adjoining estate, now in the possession of the Stirling-Maxwells, was called 'Nether Pollok'."

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The name Pollock has evolved into a number of variations, including Pollok, Pogue, and Polk. Prominent among American descendants are James K. Polk, 11th President, and General Leonidas Polk of Civil War fame. James Pollock was an early Governor of Pennsylvania, and Thomas Pollock died in 1722 while serving as acting Governor of the Colony of North Carolina.

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The following text is copied from: AUDACITER ET STRENUE --- by: Grace Polk Gentry

Compiled by: Katherine Gentry Bushman -1954 pub. privately

England, Scotland, & Ireland

"The history of the Polk family is traceable back into that is called the Dark Ages, when the progress of civilization was arrested and obscured for several centuries by a cloud of war and destruction, evoked by superstition. From members of the family in Ireland and Scotland, and from official records in Maryland, have come down to us the Polk family history beginning in the year 1053, during the reign of Edward the Confessor.

"Fulbert the Saxon" the first recorded progenitor of the family, had come over to England before Harold was overthrown at Hastings by William the Conqueror. He is said to have been Chamberlain to the latter, and one of his beneficiaries.

"From British genealogical sources, and from decendants of Fulbert in Scotland and Ireland, was derived the pedigree down to the emigration of Robert Bruce Polk and family to America. From official records of Maryland and Delaware, and from family documents, this history of the family has been continued down to the present. We thus have presented a view of the family history during a period of 858 years, a length of retrospect possessed by but few families in America.

"Fulbert the Saxon, A native of Normandy, in France, was an uncle of Heloise, whose love of Abelard, and its finale of sorrow, constitute one of the most pathetic human stories of the Middle Ages. As stated above, he was Chamberlain to William the Conqueror. He accompanied him to England and was engaged with him in the battle of Hastings (1066). Shortly after, he received from William a large grant of land in Scotland, which became know later as the Barony of Pollock."

Scotch and Irish History of the family

A. D. 1073

"In the reign of King David 1st, the vast feudal barony of Pollock, in Renfrewshire, was held by "Fulbert the Saxon", a great noble and territorial King, who had come from Normandy, France to England, as Chamberlain of William the Conqueror. Fulbert died in 1153, at the beginning of the reign of Malcolm the 4th, and was succeeded by his son Petrus.

"Petrus assumed as a surname, (which at that time only came to be used), instead of a patronymic, the name of his great hereditary lands of Pollock. The Lord Baron Pollock of this feudal kingdom, was a man of great eminence in his time, and a benefactor of the Monastery of Paisley, which donation was confirmed by Joceline, Bishop of Glasgow, who died in 1190.

Petrus was a Law unto himself, and equaled the sovereign in wealth, rank and power. He was the ancestor of many brave warriors and Crusade knights, who joined in the mighty struggle of Europe, during the eleventh and twelfth centurie s, to free the Holy Sepulcher from the grip of the Moslem.

"Petrus de Pollock was greatly distinguished for valor in arms and prowess in the chase, and his exploits in them were the subject of many minstrel lays. His next brother Helias, gave to the same Monastery the church of Mears, the next parish to the eastward.

"Besides the vast estates in Renfrewshire, the chevron of which barony is still borne on the shield of arms of the Prince of Wales, he held the great Barony of Rothes, in Aberdeenshttp://www.nara.gov/genealogy/hire, whi ch he gave to his only daughter, Mauricle, who married the celebrated Sir Norman de Lesley."

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~ Click the blue buttons ~

Descendants of Fulbert of Saxon (Originator of the Pollock lines) - Genealogy Report

Search our GEDCOM file for early Pollock ancestors

Title Page, "The Castellated and Domestic Architecture of Scotland, From the 12th to the 18th Century", including a survey of Castle Pollok.

Castle Pollok survey, page 1. NOTE: these files are a little large to show details clearly (avg. 200kb) so please be patient while they download!

Castle Pollok survey, page 2.

Castle Pollok survey, page 3.

Castle Pollok survey, page 4.

The Pollock Badge

The Clan Pollock Official Home Page

The Polk/Pollock/Logan Page

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The STEVENSON page

The GIDEON Family Page

The MCCAULEY Family Page

The DRURY Family Page

The CARON Family Page

The GIDLEY Family Page

The MIGNIER Dit LagacÚ Family Page

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To correspond with other POLLOCK researchers, please sign the POLLOCK guestbook below. Be sure to name your early Pollock ancestors so others sharing common ancestors can find you. Stevenson, Drury, Caron, Gidley, Gideon, McCauley, and Mignier dit LagacÚ guestbooks are on those family pages.

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